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Undergraduate** and graduate* student authors are indicated


McClellan Maaz, T., R.H. Heck, C.T. Glazer, M.K. Loo, J. Rivera Zayas, A.R. Krenz, T. B. Beckstrom*, S.E. Crow†, J.L. Deenik†. 2023. Measuring the unmeasurable: A structural equation modeling approach to assessing soil health. Science of the Total Environment 870: 161900.

Crow, S.E., H. Hubanks*, J.L. Deenik, T. McClellan Maaz, C. Tallamy Glazer, E. Vizka*, J. Rivera-Zayas. 2023. Dynamic soil health properties reveal legacy of intensive agriculture in (sub)tropical natural and working landscapes. Frontiers in Environmental Science 10.


Wells*, J.M., S.E. Crow, C.A. Sierra, J.L. Deenik, K. Carlson, M.N. Meki, J. Kiniry. 2022. Edaphic controls of soil organic carbon in tropical agricultural landscapes. Scientific Reports 12, 21574.

Crow, S.E. and C.A. Sierra. 2022. The climate benefit of sequestration in soils for warming mitigation. Biogeochemistry.

McGrath*, C., C.E. Hicks Pries, N. Nguyen, B. Glazer, S. Lio, S.E. Crow. 2022. Minerals limit the deep soil respiration response to warming in a tropical Andisol. Biogeochemistry

Wells*, J.M., S.E. Crow, S.K. Khanal, S.Q. Turn. 2022. Lignin chemical controls on bioconversion of tropically grown C4 bioenergy grasses to biofuels and biobased products. Bioresource Technology Reports 18: 101015.


Heckman, K.A., Hicks Pries, C.E., Lawrence, C.R., Rasmussen, C., Crow, S.E., Hoyt, A.M., von Fromm*, S.F., Shi, Z., Stoner*, S., McGrath*, C., Beem-Miller*, J., Berhe, A., Blankinship, J.C., Keiluweit, M., Marin-Spiotta, E., Monroe*, G., Plante, A.F., Schimel, J.P., Sierra, C.A., Thompson, A., Wagai, R. 2021. A global synthesis of soil fractions goes beyond bulk to explain heterogeneity in soil carbon storage and persistence.  Global Change Biology.

Wells*, J.M., S.E. Crow, S.K. Khanal, S. Turn, A. Hashimoto, J.R. Kiniry, M.N. Meki. 2021. Anaerobic digestion and hot water pretreatment of tropically grown C4 energy grasses: Mass, carbon, and energy conversions from field biomass to fuels. Agronomy 11, 838.  

Melone*, A., Bremer, L.L., Crow, S.E., Hastings*, Z., Winter, K.B., Ticktin, T., Rii, Y.M., Wong, M., Kukea-Shultz, K., Watson, S.J., Trauernicht, C. 2021. Assessing Baseline Carbon Stocks for Forest Transitions: A Case Study of Agroforestry Restoration from Hawaiʻi. Agriculture11, 189.

Sierra, C.A., S.E. Crow, M. Heimann, H. Metzler, E.-D. Schulze. 2021. The climate benefit of carbon sequestration. Biogeosciences, 18, 1029-1048.


Crow, S.E., J.M. Wells, C.A. Sierra, A.H. Youkhana, R.M. Ogoshi, D.T. Richardson, C. Tallamy Glazer, M.N. Meki, J.R. Kiniry. 2020. Carbon flow through energycane agroecosystems established post‐intensive agriculture. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 12:806-817. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12713

Schädel, C., Beem-Miller, J., Aziz Rad, M., Crow, S.E., Hicks Pries, C., Ernakovich, J., Hoyt, A.M., Plante, A., Stoner, S., Treat, C.C., and Sierra, C.A. 2020. Decomposability of soil organic matter over time: The Soil Incubation Database (SIDb, version 1.0) and guidance for incubation procedures, Earth Syst. Sci. Data 12: 1511-1524. doi: 10.5194/essd-12-1511-2020

Lawrence, C.R., Beem-Miller, J., Hoyt, A.M., Monroe, G., Sierra, C.A., Stoner, S., Heckman, K., Blankinship, J. C., Crow, S.E., McNicol, G., Trumbore, S., Levine, P.A., Vindušková, O., Todd-Brown, K., Rasmussen, C., Hicks Pries, C.E., Schädel, C., McFarlane, K., Doetterl, S., Hatté, C., He, Y., Treat, C., Harden, J.W., Torn, M.S., Estop-Aragonés, C., Asefaw Berhe, A., Keiluweit, M., Marin-Spiotta, E., Plante, A.F., Thomson, A., Schimel, J.P., Vaughn, L.J.S., and Wagai, R. 2020. An open source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: ISRaD version 1.0, Earth Syst. Sci. Data 12:61-76. doi:10.5194/essd-12-61-2020


Yu, J.*, L.M Deem*, S.E. Crow, J.L. Deenik, C.R. Penton. 2019. Comparative metagenomics reveals enhanced nutrient cycling potential after two years of biochar amendment in a tropical Oxisol. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 85:e02957-18. doi:10.1128/AEM.02957-18


Pawlowski*, M., M.N. Meki, J. Kiniry, and S.E. Crow. 2018. Carbon budgets of potential tropical perennial grass cropping scenarios for bioenergy feedstock production on Maui.  Carbon Management 13: 17. open access doi:10.1186/s13021-018-0102-8

Blankinship, J.C., A.A. Berhe, J.L., S.E. Crow, Druhan, K.A. Heckman, M. Keiluweit, C.R. Lawrence, E. Marín-Spiotta, A.F. Plante, C. Rasmussen, C. Schädel, J.P. Schimel, C.A. Sierra, A.A. Thompson, R.Wagai, and W.R. Wieder.  2018.  Improving understanding of soil organic matter dynamics by triangulating theories, measurement, and models. Biogeochemistry 140: 1-13. doi:10.1007/s10533-018-0478-2

Lajtha, K., R.D. Bowden, S.E. Crow, I. Fekete, Z. Kotroczó, A. Plante, M.J. Simpson, K.J. Nadelhoffer. 2018. The detrital input and removal treatment (DIRT) network: Insights into soil carbon stabilization. Science of the Total Environment 640-641: 1112-1120. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.388

Crow, S.E., and C.A. Sierra. 2018. Dynamic, intermediate soil carbon pools may drive future responsiveness to environmental change.  Journal of Environmental Quality 47: 607-616. open access doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0280

Davis, A.A., C.A. Lepczyk, K.H. Haman, C.W. Morden, S.E. Crow, N. Jensen, and M.T. Loh. Toxoplamsa gondii detection in fecal samples from domestic cats (Felis catus) in Hawaii.  Pacific Science 72: 501-512. doi:10.2984/72.4.9

Crow, S.E.,L.M. Deem*, C.A. Sierra, J.M. Wells*. 2018. Belowground carbon dynamics in tropical perennial C4 grass agroecosystems. Frontiers in Environmental Science 6: 1-18. open access doi:10.3389/fenvs.2018.00018

Rasmussen, C., K.A. Heckman, W.R. Wieder, M. Keiluweit, C.R. Lawrence, A.A. Berhe, J. C. Blankinship, S.E. Crow, J.L., Druhan, E. Marín-Spiotta, A.F. Plante, C. H. Pries, C. Rasmussen, C. Schädel, J.P. Schimel, C.A. Sierra, A.Thompson, R.Wagai. 2018. Beyond clay: towards an improved set of variables for predicting soil organic matter content. Biogeochemistry 137: 297-306. doi:10.1007/s10533-018-0424-3


Yu, J.*, L.M Deem*, S.E. Crow, J.L. Deenik, C.R. Penton. 2017. Biochar application influences on microbial assemblage complexity and composition due to soil and bioenergy crop type interactions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 117: 97-107. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.11.017

Harden, J., G. Hugelius, A. Anders, J. Blankinship, B. Bond-Lamberty, C. Lawrence, J. Loisel, A. Malhotra, R. Jackson, S. Ogle, C. Philips, R. Ryals, K. Todd-Brown, R. Vargas, S. Vargara, F. Cotrufo, M. Keiluweit, K. Heckman, S.E. Crow, W. Silver, M. DeLonge, L. Nave. 2017. Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter. Global Change Biology:1-14. open access doi:10.1111/gcb.13896

Jackson, R.B., K. Lajtha, S.E. Crow, G. Hugelius, M.G. Kramer, G. Piñeiro.  2017. The ecology of soil carbon: pools, vulnerabilities, and biotic and abiotic controls.  Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics: 48:419-445. open access doi:10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-112414-054234

Meki, M. N., R. M. Ogoshi, J. R. Kiniry, S.E. Crow, A. H. Youkhana, M. Nakahata, and K. Littlejohn*.  2017. Performance evaluation of biomass sorghum in Hawaii and Texas. Industrial Crops and Products, 103: 257-266. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.04.014.

Youkhana, A. H., R. M. Ogoshi, J. R. Kiniry, M. N. Meki, M. H. Nakahata, and S.E. Crow. 2017. Allometric models for predicting aboveground biomass and carbon stock of tropical perennial C4 grasses in Hawaii. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:650. open access doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.00650

Pawlowski*†, M.N., S.E. Crow†, M.N. Meki, J.R. Kiniry, A.D. Taylor, R. Ogoshi. A. Youkhana, and M.H. Nakahata. 2017. Field-based estimates of global warming potential in bioenergy systems of Hawaii: Crop choice and deficit irrigation. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0168510. open access doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0168510

Wells, J. M.*, S.E. Crow, M.N. Meki, C.A. Sierra, K.M. Carlson, A. Youkhana, D. Richardson*, L. Deem*.  2017. Maximizing soil carbon sequestration: Assessing procedural barriers to carbon management in cultivated tropical perennial grass systems.  Book chapter in Carbon Storage and Capture, Ed. Y. Yun, InTech. open access doi:10.5772/66741

Lajtha K, R.D. Bowden, S.E. Crow, et al. 2017. The Detrital Input and Removal Treatment (DIRT) Network. In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.09774-8 pdf

Deem L.M. and S.E. Crow. 2017. Biochar. In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10524-X pdf


Crow, S.E., M.I. Reeves*, S. Turn, S. Taniguchi*, O. S. Schubert, N. Koch. 2016. Carbon balance implications of land use change from pasture to managed eucalyptus forest in Hawaii. Carbon Management 7: 171-181. doi:10.1080/17583004.2016.1213140 pdf

Sumiyoshi, Y.*, S.E. Crow, A. Taylor, C.M. Litton, J.L. Deenik, B. Turano, and R. Ogoshi. 2016. Belowground impact of napier and guinea grasses grown for biofuel feedstock production. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. open access doi:10.1111/gcbb.12379

Paudel*, B., C. Chan, J. Halbrendt*, S.E. Crow, T.J. Radovich, G. Norton.  2016. Bioeconomic optimization of conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) for smallholder tribal farmers in the hill region of Nepal. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 71:103-117.  doi:10.2489/jswc.71.2.103


Wells, J.M.*, S.E. Crow, R. Ogoshi, B. Turano, A. Hashimoto. 2015.  Optimizing feedstock selection for biofuel production in Hawaii: CuO oxidative lignin products in C4 grasses.  Biomass and Bioenergy 83:511-515. open access doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.10.027

Meki, M.N., J.R. Kiniry, A.H. Youkhana, S.E. Crow, R.M. Ogoshi, M. Nakahata, R. Tirado-Corbala, R.G. Anderson, J. Osorio, and J. Jeong. 2015.  Two-year growth cycle sugarcane crop parameter attributes and their application in modeling Agronomy Journal 107: 1310-1320. doi:10.2134/agronj14.0588

Crow, S.E., M. Reeves*, O.S. Schubert, and C. Sierra. 2015. Optimization of method to quantify soil organic matter dynamics and carbon sequestration potential in volcanic ash soils.Biogeochemistry 123: 27-47. doi:10.1007/s10533-015-0167-3

Silva, J.H.S.*, J.L. Deenik, R.S. Yost, G.L. Bruland, and S.E. Crow. 2015. Improving clay measurement in oxidic and volcanic ash soil of Hawaii by increasing dispersant concentration and ultrasonic energy levels. Geoderma 237-238: 211-223.

Paudel, B., T.* Radovich, S.E. Crow, K. Thapa, J. Halbrendt*, C. Chan-Halbrendt, B.B. Tamang. 2015.  Potential of conservation agriculture production system (CAPS) for improving sustainable food and nutritional security in hilly regions of Nepal.  Chapter 3, pp. 55-76. In Conservation Agriculture in Subsistence Farming: Case Studies from South Asia and Beyond, Eds. C. Chan and J. Fantle-Lepczyk, CAB International.

Crow, S.E., B.B. Tamang, O. Schubert, T. Radovich, B. Paudel*, J. Halbrendt*, and K. Thapa.  2015. Soil quality and sustainable production in conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) of rainfed, sloping land farming of the mid-hills region of Nepal. Chapter 9, pp. 171-206. In Conservation Agriculture in Subsistence Farming: Case Studies from South Asia and Beyond, Eds. C. Chan and J. Fantle-Lepczyk, CAB International.


Frey, S.D., S. Ollinger, K. Nadelhoffer, R. Bowden, E. Brzostek, A. Burton, B.A. Caldwell, S.E. Crow, C. Goodale, S. Grandy, A. Finzi, M. Kramer, K. Lajtha, J. LeMoine, M. Martin, W. McDowell, R. Minocha, J. Sadowsky, P. Templer, and K. Wicking. 2014.  Chronic nitrogen additions suppress decomposition and sequester carbon in temperate forests. Biogeochemistry 121:305-316. doi:10.1007/s10533-014-0004-0

VanderWerf, E.A., L.C. Young, S.E. Crow, E. Opie**, H. Yamazaki*, C.J. Miller, D.G. Anderson, L.S. Brown, D.G. Smith, and J. Eijzenga. 2014. Increase in Wedge-tailed Shearwaters and changes in soil nutrients following removal of alien mammalian predators and nitrogen-fixing plants at Kaena Point, Hawaii. Restoration Ecology 22:676-684. doi:10.1111/rec.12126

Giardina, C. P., C.M. Litton, S.E.Crow, and G.P. Asner. 2014.Warming-related increases in soil CO2 efflx are explained by increased below-ground carbon flux. Nature Climate Change4: 822-827. doi:10.1038/nclimate2322

Briones, M.J., N. McNamara, J. Poskitt, S.E. Crow, and N. Ostle.  2014. Interactive biotic and abiotic regulators of soil carbon cycling: evidence from controlled climate experiments on peatland and boreal soils. Global Change Biology 20: 2971-2982. doi:10.1111/gcb.12585

Halbrendt, J.*, S. Gray, S.E. Crow, T. Radovich, B.B. Tamang, A.H. Kimura. 2014. Differences in farmer and expert beliefs and the perceived impacts of conservation agriculture.Global Environmental Change 28: 50-62.

Meki, M.N., J.R. Kiniry, K.D. Behrman, M.N. Pawlowski*, and S.E. Crow.  2014. The role of simulation models in monitoring soil organic carbon storage and greenhouse gas mitigation potential in bioenergy cropping systems. Book chapter in CO2 Sequestration and Valorization, Ed. V. Esteves, InTech. open access doi:10.5772/57177


Ma, Y.*, T.R. Filley, C.T. Johnston, S.E. Crow, K. Szlavecz, and M. McCormick. 2013. The combined controls of land use legacy and earthworm activity on soil organic matter chemistry and particle association during afforestation.  Organic Geochemistry 58: 56-68.


Ware, S.A., S.E. Crow, and B.A. Waitman.  2011. Mode of substrate adaptation in rock outcrop plants: Cyperus aristatus Rottb. and Cyperus granitophius McVaugh. Castanea 76:415-423.


Crow, S.E., K. Lajtha, R.D. Bowden, Y. Yano, J.B. Brant, B.A. Caldwell, E.W. Sulzman.  2009.  Increased coniferous needle inputs accelerate decomposition of soil carbon in an old-growth forest. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 2224-2232.

Crow, S.E. and S. Ware.  2009.  Soil type tolerance in rock outcrop plant communities: Satureja arkansana (Nutt.) Briq. (Lamiaceae) in the Ozarks. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 136: 363-368.

Crow, S.E., K. Lajtha, T.R. Filley, C. Swanston, B. Caldwell, R.D. Bowden.  2009.  Sources of plant-derived carbon and stability of soil organic matter: implications for global change.  Global Change Biology 15: 2003-2019.

Crow, S.E., T.R. Filley, M. McCormick, K. Szlavecz, D. E. Stott, D. Gamblin, and G. Conyers.  2009.  Earthworms, stand age, and species composition interact to influence particulate organic matter chemistry during forest succession.  Biogeochemistry 92: 61-82.


Turetsky, M.R., S.E. Crow, B. Evans, D.L. Vitt, R.K. Wieder. 2008. Trade-offs in resource allocation among moss species control decomposition in boreal peatlands.  Journal of Ecology 96:1297-1305.

Filley, T.R., M.K. McCormick, S.E. Crow, K. Szlavecz, D.F. Whigham, C.T. Johnston, R.N. van den Heuval.  2008.  Comparison of the chemical alteration trajectory of Liriodendron tulipifera L. litter among forests with different invasive earthworm activity. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, G01027,


Beldin, S.I., B.A. Caldwell, P. Sollins, E.W. Sulzman, K. Lajtha, and S.E. Crow.  2007.   Cation exchange capacity of density fractions from paired conifer/grassland soils.  Biology and Fertility of Soil 43: 837-841.

Crow, S.E., C. Swanston, K. Lajtha, J.R. Brooks, and H. Keirstead.  2007.  Density fractionation of forest soils: Methodological questions and interpretation of incubation results and turnover time in an ecosystem context.  Biogeochemistry 85: 69-90.

Crow, S.E. and S. Ware.  2007.  Soil type tolerance in rock outcrop plants: species of non-calcareous substrates.  The Southwestern Naturalist 52:120-125.


Sollins, P., C. Swanston, T. Filley, M. Kleber, M. Kramer, S.E. Crow, B. Caldwell, K. Lajtha, and R.D. Bowden.  2006.   Organic C and N stabilization in a forest soil: evidence from sequential density fractionation.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3313-3324.

Crow, S.E., E.W. Sulzman, W.D. Rugh, R.D. Bowden, and K. Lajtha.  2006.  Isotopic analysis of respired CO2 during decomposition of separated soil organic matter pools.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3279-3291.


Lajtha, K., S.E. Crow, Y. Yano, S.S. Kaushal E. Sulzman, P. Sollins, and J.D.H. Spears. 2005.  Detrital controls on soil solution N and dissolved organic matter in soils: a field experiment. Biogeochemistry 76: 261-281.

Holub, S.M., K. Lajtha, J. D. H. Spears, J. A. Tóth, S. E. Crow, B. A.Caldwell, M. Papp, and P. T. Nagy. 2005. Organic matter manipulations have little effect on gross and net nitrogen transformations in two temperate forest mineral soils in the U.S.A and central Europe. Forest Ecology and Management 214: 320-330.

Crow, S.E., and R.K. Wieder.  2005.  Sources of CO2 emission from a northern peatland: root respiration, exudation and decomposition.  Ecology 86: 1825-1834.

Resources for inspiration and guidance on how to be a good science writer

A recent post on The Contemplative Mammoth on common writing mistakes new scientists make is a good read for students and the advisors trying to guide them.

Books by Dr. Josh Schimel “Writing Science” (also a great blog devoted to the topic) and Dr. Stephen Heard “The Scientist’s Guide to Writing

New data visualization resource from Claus O. Wilke “Fundamentals of Data Visualization

American Geophysical Union offers webinars in sharing science that cover a range of topics including podcasting, design aesthetics for conference posters, and messaging your science for journalists.